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How to check the owner's documents abroad: tips and strategies

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How to check the owner's documents abroad: tips and strategies
Author of the article:
Artem
Indonesia
Real Estate Specialist
Date:  21.01.2024
Reading time: 9 min.
Views:  452

In the era of globalization and the Internet, real estate markets are becoming more transparent and accessible to foreign buyers. An important aspect when buying real estate abroad is checking the owner's documents. This is necessary in order to verify the legality of the transaction and protect yourself from possible fraud. In the real estate world, it is important to be attentive and knowledgeable. We hope that our article will help you with this. Enjoy reading!

Why check the documents of private real estate sellers

When buying real estate abroad, checking the seller's documents becomes an integral part of the process. This is not just a formality, but an important precaution that allows you to be sure of the purity of the transaction and the legality of the owner's rights.

Contrary to popular belief, real estate fraud is not uncommon. There are various fraudulent schemes, from falsifying documents to selling real estate that does not actually belong to the seller. Such transactions can lead to serious legal problems and financial losses.

Document verification helps you detect possible problems in advance and avoid unpleasant surprises in the future. This is an important step towards a safe and successful purchase of real estate abroad.

Document verification: how to do it yourself

Self-checking documents is a complex process that requires time, attention, and some knowledge. However, it is possible and important to be confident in your actions and protect your interests.

First, it is necessary to study the certificate of ownership — the main document confirming the rights of the owner. This is a document that confirms that the seller is the legal owner of the property and has the right to sell it.

The certificate of ownership must contain the following information::

  • Full name and details of the owner
  • Detailed description of the property, including its address, area, borders, and other characteristics
  • Date and number of document registration
  • Signatures and seals of authorized persons

Read the document carefully and make sure that all the data is correct. If there are any inconsistencies or errors in the document, this may be a sign of fraud.

If you are not sure of your abilities, or if the documents cause you doubts, do not hesitate to contact professionals. This can be a lawyer who specializes in real estate, or a real estate agency that offers document verification services. They will help you make sure that the transaction is legal and protect your interests.

Turkey: checking tapu

In Turkey, ownership is confirmed by a document called "tapu". This is a certificate of ownership that is issued after all legal procedures are completed and confirms ownership of the property.

You can check the tapa in the electronic database of the land register and cadastre (TAKBIS). This is the official state resource where you can find information about any property in Turkey. Access to the database is open, and anyone can get information about the owner, characteristics of the object and its legal status.

When checking a tapu, pay attention to the following points::

  • Whether the seller's data matches the data in tapu. This is important to make sure that the seller really owns the property.
  • Whether the address of the property matches the one specified in tapu. This will help eliminate the possibility of fraud or errors in documents.
  • Availability of collateral or mortgages on the property. This may mean that the property is subject to restrictions that may affect your ownership.

Remember that when buying a property in Turkey, you must get the original tapu in your name. This will confirm your ownership and ensure that your interests are protected.

Spain: ordering nota simple

In Spain, a document called "nota simple"is used to confirm property rights and dispose of property. This is an official certificate issued by the Property Register and contains detailed information about the property and its owner.

You can order nota simple from any Property Register in Spain. To do this, you need to know the property's identification number (referencia catastral) or the full name and NIE (Número de Identificación de Extranjero) of the owner.

Nota simple contains information about:

  • The property owner, including their full name and NIE
  • Location and characteristics of the item, including its address, area, and borders
  • Mortgages, mortgages, or restrictions related to the property. This may include information about loans, mortgages, sales bans, and other encumbrances.

Check all the data in nota simple and make sure that it matches the information provided by the seller. If there are any inconsistencies, it is best to seek professional help. This can be a lawyer who specializes in real estate, or a real estate agency that offers document verification services. They will help you understand the situation and prevent possible problems.

United Arab Emirates: scanning the title deed

In the United Arab Emirates, ownership rights are evidenced by a document called "title deed". This document is issued by the Department of Land and Real Estate and is the primary proof of your rights to the property.

Title deed contains detailed information about the owner and the property, including:

  • Full name and details of the owner
  • Detailed description of the property, including its address, area, and borders
  • Date and number of document registration
  • Signatures and seals of authorized persons

You can check the title deed on the official website of the Department of Land and Real Estate. It is important to make sure that the data in the title deed matches the data provided by the seller. In case of any inconsistencies, it is necessary to contact professionals. This can be a lawyer who specializes in real estate, or a real estate agency that offers document verification services.

Keep in mind that when you're buying UAE real estateYou must get the original title deed in your name. This confirms your ownership rights and protects you from possible problems in the future. Be careful and check all documents thoroughly so that your purchase is successful and safe.

Thailand: check out Chanote

In Thailand, ownership rights are confirmed by a document called "Chanote" or "Nor Sor 4 Jor". This is the highest form of ownership certificate in Thailand, which confirms full ownership of land.

Chanote provides detailed information about:

  • Land owner
  • Location and boundaries of the land plot
  • Land area

You can check out Chanote at your local Land Department. It is important to make sure that the data in Chanote matches the data provided by the merchant. In case of any inconsistencies, it is necessary to contact professionals.

Keep in mind that when you're buying real estate in Thailandyou must get the original Chanote in your name. This confirms your ownership rights and protects you from possible problems in the future.

Northern Cyprus: check out Kocan

In Northern Cyprus, ownership rights are confirmed by a document called "Kocan". This is a certificate of ownership that is issued after all legal procedures are completed and confirms ownership of the property.

Kocan contains detailed information about:

  • Owner of the object
  • Location and characteristics of the map item
  • Mortgages, mortgages, or restrictions related to the property

You can check Kocan at your local property registry. It is important to make sure that the data in Kocan matches the data provided by the merchant. In case of any inconsistencies, it is necessary to contact professionals.

Keep in mind that when you're buying real estate in North CyprusYou must obtain the original Kocan in your name. This confirms your ownership rights and protects you from possible problems in the future.

Georgia: we check the certificate of registration of property rights

In Georgia, property rights are confirmed by a document called "certificate of registration of property rights". This is an official document that is issued by the National Real Estate Registration Service after all legal procedures are completed and confirms ownership of the property.

The certificate of registration of ownership rights contains detailed information about:

  • Owner of the object
  • Location and characteristics of the map item
  • Mortgages, mortgages, or restrictions related to the property

You can check the certificate in the electronic database of the National Real Estate Registration Service. It is important to make sure that the data in the certificate matches the data provided by the seller. In case of any inconsistencies, it is necessary to contact professionals.

Keep in mind that when you're buying real estate in GeorgiaYou must get the original certificate in your name. This confirms your ownership rights and protects you from possible problems in the future.

Bali: check out Hak Milik

In Bali, Indonesia, ownership rights are confirmed by a document called "Hak Milik". This is a certificate of ownership that is issued by the National Land Agency and confirms ownership of the property.

Hak Milik contains detailed information about:

  • Owner of the object
  • Location and characteristics of the map item
  • Mortgages, mortgages, or restrictions related to the property

You can check out Hak Milik in the local land registry. It is important to make sure that the data in Hak Milik matches the data provided by the seller. In case of any inconsistencies, it is necessary to contact professionals.

Keep in mind that when you're buying real estate in BaliYou must obtain the original Hak Milik in your name. This confirms your ownership rights and protects you from possible problems in the future.

Cambodia: Checking the Hard Title

In Cambodia, ownership rights are confirmed by a document called a "Hard Title"or" Hard Card". This is the highest form of ownership certificate in Cambodia, which confirms full ownership of land.

Hard Title contains detailed information about:

  • Land owner
  • Location and boundaries of the land plot
  • Land area

You can check the Hard Title at your local Land Department. It is important to make sure that the data in the Hard Title matches the data provided by the seller. In case of any inconsistencies, it is necessary to contact professionals.

Keep in mind that when you're buying real estate in CambodiaYou must get the original Hard Title in your name. This confirms your ownership rights and protects you from possible problems in the future.

Conclusion

Checking the property owner's documents is an important step on the way to buying property abroad. This allows you to verify the legality of the transaction, protect your rights and avoid possible fraud.

Self-checking documents requires time, patience, and knowledge. However, it is possible and important to be confident in your actions. If you have any doubts or questions, do not hesitate to contact the professionals. They will help you check all the necessary documents and make the process of buying a property easier and safer.

Frequently Asked Questions

Checking the owner's documents is important to ensure the legality of the transaction and prevent fraud, which can save you from legal and financial problems.

Unverified documents can lead to legal disputes, loss of money and property rights, as well as other unpleasant surprises, so verification is mandatory.

Self-verification involves examining the ownership certificate, comparing the data with reality, and looking for inconsistencies or errors. In case of doubt, it is better to contact professionals.

In Turkey, "tapu" is used for checking documents. Verification includes comparing the seller's data, the address of the object and the presence of restrictions, and receiving the original "tapu" ensures your ownership.

To order "nota simple" in Spain, you need to know the identification number of the property or the full name and NIE of the owner and contact the Property Register.

Getting the original tapu in Turkey when buying a property confirms your ownership and ensures that your interests are protected.

Why do I need to check the owner's documents when buying property abroad?

Checking the owner's documents is important to ensure the legality of the transaction and prevent fraud, which can save you from legal and financial problems.

What can be the consequences of unverified documents when buying real estate abroad?

Unverified documents can lead to legal disputes, loss of money and property rights, as well as other unpleasant surprises, so verification is mandatory.

How do I conduct an independent verification of the owner's documents?

Self-verification involves examining the ownership certificate, comparing the data with reality, and looking for inconsistencies or errors. In case of doubt, it is better to contact professionals.

What are the features of checking the owner's documents in Turkey?

In Turkey, "tapu" is used for checking documents. Verification includes comparing the seller's data, the address of the object and the presence of restrictions, and receiving the original "tapu" ensures your ownership.

How to order "nota simple" for checking the owner's documents in Spain?

To order "nota simple" in Spain, you need to know the identification number of the property or the full name and NIE of the owner and contact the Property Register.

Why is it important to get the original "tapu" in Turkey when buying a property?

Getting the original tapu in Turkey when buying a property confirms your ownership and ensures that your interests are protected.

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